Caution
October 19, 2023

Worldwide Caution

Update
January 10, 2024

Information for U.S. Citizens in the Middle East

International Travel

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Learn About Your Destination

Tajikistan

Tajikistan
Republic of Tajikistan
Exercise increased caution in Tajikistan due to terrorism. Read entire travel advisory

Reissued after periodic review with updates to risk indicators, Level 3 areas, and the “If you decide to travel” section.

Exercise increased caution in Tajikistan due to terrorism, unexploded landmines, and occasional violence near the border with Kyrgyzstan. Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire Travel Advisory.

Reconsider travel to:

  • Within five miles of Tajikistan’s border with Afghanistan
  • Gorno-Badakhshon Autonomous Oblast

Country Summary: Terrorist organizations are known to have a presence in the region and have targeted foreigners and local authorities in the past.

Terrorist attacks can happen with little or no warning, with terrorists targeting public areas such as tourist locations, transportation hubs, markets/shopping malls, restaurants, places of worship, school campuses, and government facilities.

Unexploded landmines and cluster munitions are a hazard along the Afghan-Tajik and Uzbek-Tajik borders, as well as in the Vakhsh and Rasht valleys. Heed land mine warning signs. Do not venture off the road into areas marked with red and white plastic tape. Avoid roadside ditches, shoulders, and unmarked trails. Never touch anything resembling unexploded munitions.

Be cautious when traveling within five miles of the Tajikistan-Kyrgyzstan border. There have been several instances of armed skirmishes between Tajik and Kyrgyz border guards over the past five years, particularly in the Isfara area and the Vorukh enclave.

Read the country information page for additional information on travel to Tajikistan.

If you decide to travel to Tajikistan:

  • Have a plan to depart Tajikistan which does not rely on U.S. government assistance.
  • Keep a low profile.
  • Be aware of your surroundings.
  • Monitor local media for breaking events and be prepared to adjust your plans.
  • Do not touch unknown metal objects and avoid traveling off well-used roads, tracks, and paths due to risk of unexploded ordnance.
  • Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive Alerts and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.
  • Review the Country Security Report for Tajikistan.
  • Follow the Department of State on  Facebook and Twitter.
  • Visit the CDC page for the latest Travel Health Information related to your travel.
  • Prepare a contingency plan for emergency situations. Review the Traveler’s Checklist.

Border Areas with Afghanistan – Level 3: Reconsider Travel

Reconsider travel within five miles of Tajikistan's border with Afghanistan due to terrorism. The current political situation in Afghanistan creates a challenging and unpredictable environment in the border areas due to evolving security conditions. Additionally, the land border between Tajikistan and Afghanistan has been closed since the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan in 2021. Travel in the mountainous region along the Afghan border can be dangerous due to the proximity of militant groups across the border. U.S. citizens should remain alert and avoid activities that develop predictable patterns of movement. If documenting travel on social media, please ensure your privacy settings are appropriately set.

Gorno-Badakhshon Autonomous Oblast (GBAO)– Level 3: Reconsider Travel

The challenging and unpredictable environment in northern Afghanistan has the potential to spill over insecurity into neighboring Tajikistan’s GBAO region. GBAO is a restricted region for non-Tajik citizens, requiring a travel permits from Tajik authorities. Violent clashes with security forces erupted in GBAO in recent years, and the government of Tajikistan can suspend travel permits for non-Tajik citizens on short notice. 

Please visit our website for information on Travel to High-Risk Areas.

 

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Embassy Messages

Alerts

Quick Facts

PASSPORT VALIDITY:


At least six months from the date of entry.

BLANK PASSPORT PAGES:


At least two blank pages.

TOURIST VISA REQUIRED:


Required for stays longer than 30 days. See Entry, Exit, and Visa Requirements below for more information about visa-free entry.

VACCINATIONS:


None.

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR ENTRY:


None.

CURRENCY RESTRICTIONS FOR EXIT:


$3,000 USD.

Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Dushanbe

109A, Ismoili Somoni Avenue
Dushanbe, Tajikistan 734019
Telephone:
992-37-229-2000 or 992-37-229-2300 (consular direct line)
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: 992-98-580-1032
Fax: 992-37-229-2050 
Email: 

Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements

COVID-19 Requirements: There are no COVID-related entry requirements for U.S. citizens in Tajikistan.

Requirements for entry: 

  • Passport valid for at least six months with at least two blank pages for entry and exit stamps.
  • Visa if you plan to stay longer than 30 days or are traveling for a non-tourist purpose.
  • Visa support letter if you are traveling on a non-tourist visa.

Visa-free entry: Beginning January 1, 2022, U.S. citizens are eligible for visa-free entry into Tajikistan for stays lasting no more than 30 days (non-extendable), regardless of the purpose of travel. Registration within 10 days of arrival at the nearest Department of Visas and Registration of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (OVIR) is required. Registration costs 180 Tajik Somoni and takes up to three business days. Failure to register or loss of the registration form can result in fines and delay your departure. Tourists should seek registration assistance from their hotel or tour operator.

In emergency situations (i.e. positive PCR test), the Main Consular Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) can provide an emergency exit visa for a one-month period upon submission of a formal request letter, a copy of the positive PCR test, and a copy of the original itinerary.

Travelers planning to spend more than 30 days in Tajikistan should obtain a tourist e-visa online or a T-visa from the Tajik Embassy to the United States.

Tourist e-visas: Tajikistan offers two types of e-visas: single entry and multiple entry. Visas are issued for a period of 90 days and are valid for stays up to 60 days. The e-visa is non-extendable and you can apply for it only if you are outside of Tajikistan. Registration with the Department of Visas and Registration of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (OVIR) is not required when admitted using an e-visa.

Refer to the Embassy of Tajikistan’s website for further visa information.

Non-tourist visas: Applications for non-tourist purposes of travel, including to visit family or friends (XC1-visa), to conduct business (K-visa), or to attend an educational facility (O-visa), can be submitted online to the Tajik Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA). Supporting documents, including a Tajik visa support letter, are required. Visa validities and fees vary depending on purpose of travel. A personal appearance at a Tajik embassy or consulate may be required depending on the visa category.

Tajik visa support letters are required for all non-tourist visas. To obtain a visa support letter, the inviting organization submits a request to the MFA. When invited by a private Tajik resident (e.g., a friend or relative), the inviting party requests a notification letter from the Department of Visas and Registration of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (OVIR). Any required supporting documents and the visa support letter should be submitted to the MFA Consular Department in Tajikistan by the inviting party.

Some non-tourist visa categories allow for the visa to be issued upon arrival, eliminating the need to appear in person at a Tajik embassy or consulate. This upon-arrival request must be selected at the time the application is submitted online and an additional fee will be required.

Tajik visa registration stamps are required for non-tourist stays more than two days. Most travelers must register within three days of entering the country at the nearest Department of Visas and Registration of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (OVIR). Journalists, official travelers, and employees of international organizations must register with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Failure to register can result in fines and delay your departure.

Border Zones: Tajik authorities have implemented restrictions on travel to areas near Tajikistan’s border with other countries.  The Embassy recommends that U.S. citizens provide an itinerary for intended travel to any border zone to the Department of Visas and Registration of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (OVIR) to obtain prior permission and information about any restrictions.

Exiting Tajikistan: Be sure to leave Tajikistan before your visa or visa-free admission expires or you may be required to pay a fine as well as pay for an exit visa. 

Departure options from Tajikistan are limited. To maximize departure options, obtain extended visas for travel to countries with reliable connections to Tajikistan, including Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, China, and Russia. 

Transit Visas to Russia: When traveling from Tajikistan through Russia to a third country – including plane changes – you must have a transit visa for Russia. You cannot get a Russian visa at the airport. If you arrive in Russia without the appropriate visa, authorities may restrict you from future travel to Russia. Refer to information on Travel.State.Gov for visa requirements for Russia.

Dual Nationality: Tajikistan does not recognize dual citizenship with the United States. If you are a U.S.-Tajik dual citizen traveling on your U.S. passport, be sure to have a valid Tajik visa in your U.S. passport. Otherwise, you may encounter problems with immigration authorities upon your departure from Tajikistan. 

U.S.-Tajik dual citizens, including U.S. citizen minor children, who are planning to remain in Tajikistan for an extended period of time, are also required to have a valid Tajik visa. Please note: fines for not maintaining a valid visa accumulate quickly and can be very expensive. U.S.-Tajik dual citizens will be required to pay any outstanding fines before exiting the country.

HIV/AIDS Information: Some HIV/AIDS entry restrictions exist for visitors and foreign residents of Tajikistan. If you are applying to be in Tajikistan for more than 90 days, you must present a medical certificate with your application confirming that you are HIV-free. Due to frequent policy changes, verify this information with the Embassy of Tajikistan before traveling. 

Additional Information: Find information on dual nationality, the prevention of international child abduction, and customs regulations on Travel.State.gov.

Contact information for the Embassy of the Republic of Tajikistan

1005 New Hampshire Avenue
Washington, DC 20037
Phone:
 202-223-6090
Phone: 202-223-2666 (Consular Issues)
Fax: 202-223-6091
E-mail: tjusconsulate@mfa.tj (Consular Issues)

Safety and Security

Potential for Terrorist Activity: Terrorist organizations, including ISIS, have a presence in the region, mostly by attracting sympathizers and followers through online platforms and social media. Terrorists have planned and carried out attacks against foreigners and government entities, such as law enforcement and security services.

Tajik authorities maintain a high level of security to thwart terrorist attacks. This could lead terrorists to seek softer targets including facilities where U.S. citizens and other foreigners congregate such as residential areas; clubs and restaurants; markets; places of worship; schools; hotels; outdoor recreational events, including popular hiking areas; and resorts. U.S. citizens should avoid predictable patterns of movement and revealing their personal information and location on social media. If using social media, ensure your privacy settings are appropriately set.

U.S. Embassy Dushanbe employs heightened security precautions. U.S. citizens should report any unusual activity to local authorities and then inform the Embassy.

Border areas with Afghanistan:  Reconsider travel near and along Tajikistan’s border with Afghanistan due to terrorism. The current political situation in Afghanistan creates a challenging and unpredictable environment in the border areas due to evolving security conditions. Additionally, the land border between Tajikistan and Afghanistan has been closed since the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan in 2021. Travel in the mountainous region along the Afghan border can be dangerous due to the proximity of militant groups across the border. Be vigilant when camping, biking, or sheltering in the open after dark.  U.S. citizens should remain alert and avoid activities that develop predictable patterns of movement. If documenting travel on social media, please ensure your privacy settings are appropriately set.

Restricted zone of Gorno-Badakhshan: Reconsider travel to Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO). The current political situation in Afghanistan creates a challenging and unpredictable environment in the border areas due to evolving security conditions. Do not enter the Gorno-Badakhshan (GBAO) region without official permission. Persons violating the law may be detained by Tajik law enforcement. Violent clashes with security forces erupted in GBAO in recent years, and the government of Tajikistan can suspend travel permits for non-Tajik citizens on short notice. To enter this restricted zone, request a special permit from Tajik embassies/consulates or from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) or the Department of Visas and Registration of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (OVIR) registration department if applying within Tajikistan. Submit authorization requests at least two weeks in advance of your trip. If granted, authorities will annotate your passport with the names of the settlements and cities you are authorized to visit.

If applying for an e-visa for tourism, you can apply for official permission to visit GBAO at the same time, for an additional fee.  Please visit the Republic of Tajikistan’s e-Visa Application webpage for information on electronic visas to Tajikistan and instructions for a GBAO permit.

Border areas with Kyrgyzstan: Exercise caution in areas near and along Tajikistan’s border with Kyrgyzstan. Several instances of armed skirmishes between Tajik and Kyrgyz border guards have occurred, particularly in the Isfara and Vorukh districts.

Unexploded landmines and cluster munitions are a hazard along the Afghan-Tajik and Uzbek-Tajik borders, as well as in the Vakhsh and Rasht valleys.  Heed land mine warning signs.  Do not venture off the road into areas marked off with red and white plastic tape.  Avoid roadside ditches, shoulders, and unmarked trails.  Never touch anything resembling unexploded munitions.

Crime: Criminal activity in Dushanbe is moderate. Incidents are not usually violent, but muggings, armed robberies, and pick-pocketing do occur. Police do not provide adequate or immediate assistance and often will not open minor or routine cases.

Other criminal activity, such as narcotics trafficking, can result in violence.

Travel in pairs, especially at night. Sexual harassment of unaccompanied women is very common. Carry a copy of your passport (separate from your wallet) with you at all times.

See the Department of State and the FBI webpages for information on scams.

Victims of Crime: U.S. citizen victims of crime, including sexual assault and domestic violence, should contact the police or head to the nearest hospital to seek medical attention and report the crime. Please also contact the U.S. Embassy at (992)-37-229-2000.

The local equivalent to the 911 emergency line in Tajikistan is 01 for fire, 02 for police, and 03 for ambulance service, and in Dushanbe, dial 235-4545 for the State Traffic Inspectorate (GAI) police for traffic accidents.

Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes.

See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.

We can:

·   Replace a lost or stolen passport.

·   Help you find appropriate medical care facilities.

·   Put you in contact with appropriate police authorities.

·   Contact relatives or friends with your written consent.

·   Explain the local criminal justice process in general terms.

·   Provide a list of local attorneys.

·   Provide information on victim’s compensation programs in the U.S.

Tourism: No formal tourism industry infrastructure is in place in most locations. Tourists are considered to be participating in activities at their own risk. Emergency response and subsequent appropriate medical treatment is for the most part not available in-country. U.S. citizens are encouraged to purchase traveler’s insurance for on-the-ground medical coverage as well as medical evacuation insurance. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.

Demonstrations and Protests: Both are rare in Tajikistan; however, due to security reasons, U.S. citizens are advised not to participate.

 

Local Laws & Special Circumstances

Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. 

Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the United States, regardless of local law. For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website. 

Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information. 

  • Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs are severe. Expect long jail sentences and heavy fines if you are convicted. 
  • Tajikistan maintains zero tolerance for alcohol-related incidents. 
  • It is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. Ask before taking photographs of anything of possible military or security interest. 
  • Always carry a copy of your U.S. passport, Tajik visa, and visa registration, since local police frequently conduct document inspections. Check your visa and registration validity dates regularly, and renew them before they expire. 

Currency and Banking: Tajikistan is a cash-only economy. Credit cards are rarely accepted, and traveler’s checks are not used. 

International banking services are limited. Some ATM machines are available and dispense local currency. Tajikistan’s national currency is the Somoni, which is convertible to USD. 

Earthquakes: Tajikistan is an earthquake-prone country. Visitors to Tajikistan should evaluate their own emergency preparedness and plan accordingly. For information on natural disaster preparedness, see U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details: 

LGBTI Travelers: There are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTI events, although Tajik society is generally hostile to LGBTI interests. See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of our Human Rights report for further details.

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Buildings, public transportation, communication, and road crossings are inaccessible. 

Students: See our Students Abroad page and FBI travel tips

Women Travelers: See our travel tips for Women Travelers

Health

Medical care is limited and significantly below U.S. standards, with severe shortages of basic medical supplies, including disposable needles, anesthetics, prescriptions drugs, and antibiotics. 

For emergency services in Tajikistan, dial 03 (103 from cell phone).

Ambulance services are (select one or more as appropriate):

  • Not present throughout the country or are unreliable in most areas except in Dushanbe.
  • Not equipped with state-of-the-art medical equipment.
  • Injured or seriously ill travelers may prefer to take a taxi or private vehicle to the nearest major hospital rather than wait for an ambulance.

COVID-19 Requirements for Entry: There are no COVID-related entry requirements for U.S. citizens. 

COVID-19 Testing: 

  • Gemotest Medical Laboratory (48-703-13-13) provides same-day Russian language test results, as well as English language certificate with a QR code confirming the validity of the test results at a cost of 123 TJS (approximately $13) paid by the patient. Travelers have the option to receive the results and certificate through email or download them from the laboratory’s official website, or collect a physical copy from the facility.
  • Diamed Clinic (44-601-90-16) provides same-day English language test results at a cost of 130 TJS (approximately $13) paid by the patient. Travelers will need to collect a physical copy of their results from the clinic.
  • Prospekt Medical Clinic (48-702-44-00) charges 403 TJS (approximately $40) paid by the patient with the next-day results. The clinic provides the services during weekdays and is closed on Saturdays and Sundays. Travelers will need to collect a physical copy of their results from the clinic.

COVID-19 Vaccines: The COVID-19 vaccine is available for U.S. citizens to receive in Tajikistan. The U.S. Embassy in Dushanbe is aware that Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca, and Sinovac-CoronaVac COVID-19 vaccines are available at Prospekt Medical Clinic (48-702-44-00), subject to availability. Please contact the clinic directly for information about cost and availability.

Due to extremely limited vaccine availability, we strongly recommend that travelers complete their COVID-19 vaccination before traveling to Tajikistan.

Visit the FDA's website to learn more about FDA-approved vaccines in the United States.   

There have been outbreaks of the following diseases: 

  • Water-borne diseases (such as Giardia)
  • Hemorrhagic Fever
  • Hepatitis A, B & C (frequently transmitted through medical and dental procedures)
  • Malaria – in the southern region at Afghan border
  • Tuberculosis (including multidrug-resistant (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR-TB) varieties)
  • Typhoid – in Dushanbe and the southern provinces of Khatlon
  • Rabies
  • Chicken Pox 
  • Measles

Drink bottled or thoroughly boiled water while in Tajikistan. Avoid contact with street dogs in urban areas. 

Pollution levels in Tajikistan are reported online at AirNow.gov. Exercise caution and adjust your outdoor activities on days when pollution levels are elevated.

We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas. 

Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides medical coverage in Tajikistan. Care providers in Tajikistan are not able to accept credit cards; therefore, providers only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage

We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation due to inability of local medical providers to address many urgent-care situations. 

Prescriptions: If traveling with prescription medication, check with the Government of Tajikistan’s website to ensure that the medication is legal in Tajikistan. Always carry your prescription medication in original packaging, along with your doctor’s prescription. 

Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 

Further health information:

Travel and Transportation

Road Conditions and Safety: Travel is difficult and unreliable. Neighboring countries sometimes unilaterally close borders, many border crossing points are not open to foreigners, and some borders are poorly delineated and even mined. Armed police or military checkpoints can make road travel outside Dushanbe more difficult. 

  • Some of the most common dangers encountered in Tajikistan are related to poor road infrastructure and natural events such as rock slides and avalanches, particularly in winter. Exercise caution on rural or mountainous roads, especially in underpopulated areas. 
  • Drivers with non-Tajik government-issued plates may run into problems crossing the Tajik-Uzbek border and can also expect to be stopped by police often in Dushanbe. 
  • Only travel by car during the day and on routes you know. Travel in the mountainous region along the Afghan border can be dangerous, even during daylight hours. 
  • Car accidents and erratic driving are common. Pedestrians tend to “jaywalk” or walk along highways without paying attention to traffic. 
  • Public transportation in the city is often overcrowded and not always safe. Bus service between major cities is unreliable. 
  • The State Traffic Inspectorate (GAI, or in Tajiki, BDA) maintains checkpoints in cities and along highways. The GAI frequently stops vehicles to inspect vehicles and driver documents. The government will not register vehicles with darkly tinted windows. 
  • Traffic police are notorious for randomly pulling over cars and exacting bribes. In Dushanbe, luxury cars and those with government license plates routinely speed past police, sometimes on the wrong side of the road and through stoplights, while other cars are flagged down for “document checks.” 

Winter Road Travel: Please exercise caution and limit winter travel to Tajikistan’s mountain regions. Avalanches are common. Don’t attempt to travel over closed mountain passes. Roads are often not well maintained. Please see the Ministry of Tajikistan's website for the most up-to-date information. 

Land Mines: Land mines and cluster munitions are a hazard along the Afghan-Tajik and Uzbek-Tajik borders, as well as in the Vakhsh and Rasht valleys. Heed land mine warning signs. Do not venture off the road into areas marked off with red and white plastic tape. Never touch anything resembling unexploded munitions. 

See our Road Safety page for more information.

Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Tajikistan, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government of Tajikistan’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.

For additional travel information

International Parental Child Abduction

For additional IPCA-related information, please see the International Child Abduction Prevention and Return Act (ICAPRA) report.

Last Updated: November 27, 2023

Travel Advisory Levels

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Dushanbe
109A, Ismoili Somoni Avenue
Dushanbe, Tajikistan 734019
Telephone
992-37-229-2000
992-37-229-2300(consular direct line)
Emergency
992-98-580-1032
Fax
992-37-229-2050

Tajikistan Map