Travel.State.Gov > International Travel > Learn About Your Destination > Estonia International Travel Information
Traveling Through Europe: If you are planning to visit or travel through European countries, you should be familiar with the requirements of the Schengen Agreement.
HIV/AIDS Restrictions: The U.S. Department of State is unaware of any HIV/AIDS entry restrictions for visitors to or foreign residents of Estonia.
Terrorism: Terrorist groups and those inspired by such organizations are intent on attacking U.S. citizens abroad. Terrorists are increasingly using less sophisticated methods of attack – including knives, firearms, and vehicles – to more effectively target crowds. Frequently, their aim is unprotected or vulnerable targets, such as:
The current Department of State Travel Advisory assesses Estonia at Level 1, indicating travelers should exercise normal precautions when coming to the country. There is minimal risk from terrorism in Tallinn. There are no known homegrown terrorist organizations in Estonia, which is not a known base of support/sympathy for terrorists.
Credible information indicates terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Europe. European governments are taking action to guard against terrorist attacks. All European countries remain potentially vulnerable to attacks from transnational terrorist organizations.
For more information, see our Terrorism page.
Crime: There is minimal risk from crime in Estonia. Pickpocketing, theft, and petty crime do occur, particularly in crowded areas and areas where tourists and foreigners congregate. Pickpockets use various diversionary tactics to distract victims; one method involves bumping the victim in an effort to draw their attention to one individual, while another takes their wallet. Victims should report the crime to the police and cancel their credit cards as soon as possible.
The majority of incidents affecting U.S. citizens involve individuals who are alone and/or intoxicated at night. Visitors who consume alcohol should exercise moderation and designate a sober member of the group to be in charge of security awareness. Statistics indicate incidents against individuals based on race, religion, or sexual orientation/gender identity are limited; however the Embassy has received reports of U.S. citizens being harassed due to their race.
Demonstrations: Large demonstrations occur infrequently. They may take place in response to political or economic issues, on politically significant holidays, and during international events. Demonstrations can be unpredictable and U.S. citizens should exercise caution if within the vicinity of any demonstrations. Check local media for updates and traffic advisories.
Internet romance and financial scams are prevalent in Estonia. Scams are often initiated through Internet postings/profiles or by unsolicited emails and letters. Scammers almost always pose as U.S. citizens who have no one else to turn to for help. Common scams include:
Victims of Crime: U.S. citizen victims of sexual assault are encouraged to contact the U.S. Embassy for assistance. Report crimes to the local police at 112 and contact the U.S. Embassy at +(372) 668-8128. Victims of crime may also call 116 006 to contact Estonia’s Social Insurance Board’s Victim Support and Prevention Services Department to speak to a victim support worker. For social welfare emergencies, such as domestic violence or child abuse, dial 112 (English-speaking operators are sometimes available). Remember that local authorities are responsible for investigating and prosecuting the crime.
See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.
The local equivalent to the “911” emergency line for police, ambulance, or fire in Estonia is 112. Many, but not all, operators speak English.
Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence are encouraged to contact the Embassy for assistance.
Tourism: The tourism industry is generally regulated and rules [with regards to best practices and safety inspections] are regularly enforced. Hazardous areas/activities are identified with appropriate signage and professional staff is typically on hand in support of organized activities. In the event of an injury, appropriate medical treatment is widely available throughout the country. Outside of a major metropolitan center, it may take more time for first responders and medical professionals to stabilize a patient and provide life-saving assistance. U.S. citizens are encouraged to purchase medical evacuation insurance. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage.
Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Individuals establishing a business or practicing a profession that requires additional permits or licensing should seek information from the competent local authorities, prior to practicing or operating a business.
The Estonian legal system takes a zero-tolerance approach to driving under the influence and even one drink can lead to a DUI arrest and could immediately land you in jail.
In Estonia, everyone is required by law to wear small reflectors on clothing when it is dark outside. Fines for refusing to wear the reflectors range from $50 to $500.
Special Circumstances: Estonia is part of the Eurozone and only euros are accepted.
Arrest Notification: If you are arrested, you should ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. See our webpage for further information.
Counterfeit and Pirated Goods: Although counterfeit and pirated goods are prevalent in many countries, they may still be illegal according to local laws. You may also pay fines or have to give them up if you bring them back to the United States. See the U.S. Department of Justice website for more information.
Faith-Based Travelers: See our following webpages for details:
LGBTQI+ Travelers: There are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTQI+ events in Estonia. Estonian law prohibits discrimination on the basis of gender, sexual orientation, or other personal characteristics, and the government generally respects these prohibitions. While the law is not specific regarding the forms of sexual orientation and gender identity covered, in practice all are understood to be included. However, social acceptance of LGBTQI+ identity in public is not as prevalent as in the United States.
Travelers with Disabilities: The law in Estonia prohibits discrimination against persons with physical, sensory, intellectual or mental disabilities, and the law is enforced. Social acceptance of persons with disabilities in public is not as prevalent as in the United States. Expect accessibility to be limited in public transportation, lodging, communication/information, and general infrastructure.
Women Travelers: See our travel tips for Women Travelers.
Medical care in Estonia falls short of Western standards outside the larger cities such as Tallinn, Tartu, and Pärnu. Many medical professionals in Estonia are highly-trained, but some hospitals and clinics still suffer from a lack of equipment and resources. Many doctors speak at least some English but most nursing staff speak only Russian or Estonian.
For emergency services in Estonia, dial 112.
Ambulance services are widely available.
We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas. Most hospitals and doctors overseas do not accept U.S. health insurance.
Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash or credit card payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage. Visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for more information on type of insurance you should consider before you travel overseas.
We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.
Always carry your prescription medication in original packaging, along with your doctor’s prescription. Check with the Estonian Agency of Medicines to ensure the medication is legal in Estonia.
Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Further health information:
Air Quality: Visit AirNow Department of State for information on air quality at U.S. Embassies and Consulates.
The U.S. Embassy maintains a list of doctors and hospitals. We do not endorse or recommend any specific medical provider or clinic.
General Health Information:
The following diseases are prevalent:
Road Conditions and Safety: Estonian roads and highways can be icy and dangerous during winter months and some rural roads are unpaved. Falling large icicles from buildings, in addition to slippery roads and sidewalks, can be a potentially deadly problem in winter and spring.
Traffic Laws: Driving while intoxicated is a very serious offense and carries heavy penalties. The Estonian legal system takes a zero-tolerance approach, and even one drink can lead to a DUI arrest.
If you plan to drive in Estonia, you must have a valid U.S. driver’s license. Licenses which do not include a symbol and description of the vehicle category the driver is licensed to operate must be accompanied by a valid International Driving Permit (IDP). IDPs can be obtained from either the American Automobile Association (AAA) or the American Automobile Touring Alliance before departing the United States. Details can be found on Estonia’s Road Administration website. Car rental companies may have additional requirements.
If you have an Estonian residence permit, you must obtain an Estonian driver’s license. Contact the Estonian Transport Administration (ARK) for information on obtaining an Estonian driver’s license.
Public Transportation: Public transportation is generally considered safe, but travelers are encouraged to select well-marked taxis.
Aviation Safety Oversight: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Estonia, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the Government of Estonia’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards. Further information may be found on the FAA’s safety assessment page.
Maritime Travel: Mariners planning travel to Estonia should also check for U.S. maritime advisories and alerts. Information may also be posted to the U.S. Coast Guard homeport website and the NGA broadcast warnings website.