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Country Information


Kingdom of Bahrain
Exercise increased caution in Bahrain due to terrorism.

Exercise increased caution in Bahrain due to terrorism.

Country Summary: Terrorist groups continue plotting possible attacks in Bahrain. Terrorists may attack with little or no warning, targeting tourist locations, transportation hubs, markets/shopping malls, and local government facilities.

Read the country information page for additional information on travel to Bahrain.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has determined Bahrain has a moderate level of COVID-19.  Visit the CDC page for the latest Travel Health Information related to your travel.

If you decide to travel to Bahrain:

Last Update:  Reissued with updates to terrorism and health information.


Embassy Messages


Quick Facts


6 months


1 page per entry stamp







See “Exit Restrictions” info below

Embassies and Consulates

U.S. Embassy Manama

Building No. 979
Road 3119, Block 331
Zinj District
Kingdom of Bahrain
Telephone: +(973) 1724-2700
Emergency After-Hours Telephone: +(973) 1727-5126
Fax: +(973) 1727-2594; 1725-6242 (Consular Section)
The workweek in Bahrain is Sunday through Thursday.

Destination Description

See the Department of State’s Fact Sheet on Bahrain for information on U.S. – Bahrain relations.

Entry, Exit and Visa Requirements

Visit the Embassy's COVID-19 page for more information on COVID-19 and related restrictions and conditions in Bahrain.  

Requirements for Entry: 

  • Passport valid for at least six months
  • Visa 

Types of visas: 

Tourist visas: Apply for two-week tourist visas online via the Bahrain eVisa website or upon arrival in the country. Ask for ten-year multiple entry visas if applying through the Bahrain embassy.  

U.S. Diplomatic and Official passport holders: Diplomatic passport holders should coordinate their arrival with Embassy Manama. Official passport holders should follow their chain-of-command for DoD specific guidance.

Journalism visas: Journalists must have a journalism visa. Journalists should apply for a visa in advance of their travel.

Be prepared to answer questions regarding your purpose of travel. Be sure to leave Bahrain before your visa expires; otherwise, you face heavy fines and possible arrest and/or deportation. 

Working in Bahrain: To work in Bahrain you must have the following: 

  • Valid work visa
  • Residency permit
  • Local identification card 

Consult Bahrain’s Labor Market Regulatory Authority for complete details. 

Obtain a valid work permit and signed employment contract before arriving in Bahrain. The contract should clearly state: 

  • Provisions related to relocation expenses
  • Type of housing and number of occupants
  • Any visa fees to be paid by the employee
  • Salary payment schedule and any salary penalties
  • Terms of probation period
  • Who pays transportation expenses, should the contract be terminated 

Do not work in Bahrain on a tourist visa. Even if employers advise you otherwise, Bahraini authorities will hold you personally liable if you do not have a valid work permit.  

Authenticating Documents for Your Employment Permit 

Have all required documents authenticated before arriving. The U.S. Embassy in Manama cannot provide this service. For information on authentication of U.S. issued documents, see Authentication of American Academic Credentials for Use Abroad and contact our Office of Authentications

Employer Retention of U.S. Passports: It is illegal, but a common practice for Bahraini employers to retain your passport. Such retention could delay your travel or grant undue leverage to your employer in case of a dispute. Do not allow your employer to retain your U.S. passport. It is the property of the U.S. government.  

While many U.S. citizens have a positive experience working in Bahrain, we have received some complaints from U.S. citizens employed in the education sector, including lack of private accommodations, delay in payment of salary, withholding of passport, delay in issuance of residency, and a debt-related travel ban on leaving the country if the employee breaks a contract and the sponsor requires repayment of travel costs.

Exit Restrictions: If you have unpaid debt or are involved in legal proceedings (including debt, traffic tickets, unresolved traffic accident to include repair, labor, or custody disputes), authorities may not allow you to leave Bahrain until the issue is resolved, even if takes several years to close the case.  Additionally, this could force you to stay in Bahrain beyond the validity of your visa, at which point you would begin to accrue daily fines. Should this happen, you will have to find private means to pay for your expenses. The U.S. Embassy cannot pay your debt, fines, tickets, legal expenses or living expenses. 

Residents intending to return to Bahrain: Be sure to obtain a re-entry permit valid for at least six months before leaving. Renew visas and residency permits through the General Directorate of Nationality, Passports, and Residence (GDNPR). 

HIV/AIDS Restrictions: All declared HIV-positive foreigners risk immediate deportation; deportation may be applied to all “communicable diseases.” Although you are not required to declare HIV status upon arrival, the government may revoke visas of non-Bahrainis who are HIV positive. Please verify this information with the Embassy of the Kingdom of Bahrain before traveling.  

Travelers with HIV: Carry enough medication to cover your intended stay, since obtaining medicine locally could be difficult and/or lead to deportation. Pharmacies reportedly will not sell AIDS medication to non-Bahraini citizens without a permit from the Ministry of Health. Similarly, health facilities and pharmacies are required to report HIV-positive foreigners to the Ministry of Health. 

Dual nationality: Bahrain does not recognize dual nationality, though some exceptions are made.  Dual nationals are required to declare and register their second nationality with the government.

If you are eligible for Bahraini citizenship, authorities will not issue you a Bahraini passport unless you renounce your U.S. citizenship. 

Find information on dual nationalityprevention of international child abduction, and customs regulations  on our website.

Safety and Security

Demonstrations: Spontaneous and violent anti-government demonstrations may occur, particularly at night and on weekends. Such activity is usually confined to specific locations and is rarely widespread.

Demonstrations sometimes result in blocked highways and unofficial checkpoints. Participants occasionally throw rocks, Molotov cocktails, and utilize improvised explosive devices and shotgun-like projectile launchers. The Ministry of Interior maintains official checkpoints and routinely uses tear gas, stun grenades, and other crowd dispersal techniques against demonstrators.

Avoid all demonstrations. To date, no U.S. citizens have been specifically targeted during protest activity. Local media outlets have sometimes expressed anti-U.S. sentiment, and demonstrators have occasionally burned U.S. flags. 

Remain alert to local security developments. For assistance, call the local police at 999.

Restricted travel: The U.S. Embassy restricts its employees from traveling to specific areas where protest activity is more likely and advises all U.S. citizens to do the same. 

See the Embassy’s website for travel restrictions and security updates.

Stay informed about local events through the local media.

Crime: The crime rate in Bahrain is low, and violent crime is rare. Thieves are active in the old market area.

International Financial Scams: See the Department of State and the FBI pages for information.

Victims of Crime: U.S. citizen victims of sexual assault are encouraged to contact the U.S. Embassy for assistance. Report crimes to the local police at 999 and contact the U.S. Embassy at +(973) 1724-2700 (business hours) or +(973) 1727-5126 (after hours).

See our webpage on help for U.S. victims of crime overseas.

The Embassy can:

  • help you find appropriate medical care
  • assist you in reporting a crime to the police
  • contact relatives or friends with your written consent
  • explain the local criminal justice process in general terms
  • provide a list of local attorneys
  • provide our information on victim’s compensation programs in the U.S.
  • provide an emergency loan for repatriation to the United States and/or limited medical support in cases of destitution
  • help you find accommodation and arrange flights home
  • replace a stolen or lost passport

Domestic Violence: U.S. citizen victims of domestic violence are encouraged to contact the U.S. Embassy for assistance.

Emergency Numbers:

Police/Fire Department/Ambulance/ National Emergency call center – 999
Fire accidents – 997
Casualty bureau – 990
Criminal Investigations (CID) – 992
Coast Guard (CGD) – 994
Traffic police – 199
International Emergency Number – 112

Traffic Hotline:

Call center – 17872287
Main Switchboard – 17872222

Police Stations:

East Riffa Police Station – 1777 3158
West Riffa Police Station – 1766 4606
Exhibition Road Police Station – 1755 0629
Hawak Police Station – 1784 9009
Hidd Police Station – 1767 1212
Hoora Police Station – 1729 1555
Naim Police Station – 1725 8210
Samaheej Police Station – 1733 4401
Umm-Al Hasam Police Station – 1772 8229
Zallaq Police Station – 1763 1211

Household Emergencies – 8000 1810

Violence against Women – 1787 0302

Other Useful Numbers:

National contact number for government related appointments – 8000 8001
Civil Aviation Department, Bahrain – 1732 1100
Bahrain International Airport – 1732 1997

Tourism: The tourism industry is generally regulated and rules with regard to best practices and safety inspections are regularly enforced. Hazardous areas/activities are identified with appropriate signage and professional staff is typically on hand in support of organized activities. In the event of an injury, appropriate medical treatment is widely available throughout the country. Outside of a major metropolitan center, it may take more time for first responders and medical professionals to stabilize a patient and provide life-saving assistance. U.S. citizens are encouraged to purchase medical evacuation insurance. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage. 

Local Laws & Special Circumstances

Criminal Penalties: You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. 

Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the U.S., regardless of local law. For examples, see our website on crimes against minors abroad and the Department of Justice website.

Arrest Notification: If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy immediately. Embassy officials can more readily visit you while you are still being detained at a police station than after you have been transferred to a prison. See our webpage for further information and our embassy website for a list of local lawyers.

Extra-marital sexual relations are a criminal offense. If a child is born out of wedlock, obtaining a civil birth certificate is extremely difficult and frequently leads to the deportation of the mother and the child. Without a birth certificate, obtaining a passport for the child’s travel can be difficult. Additionally, transmission of citizenship is typically through the father which could lead to the child being stateless. In the case of U.S. citizen mothers, the embassy may be able to document such children as U.S. citizens or may be able to process an immigrant visa petition. Consult the embassy for options, but it is advisable to depart the country before giving birth.

Drug Usage: Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs are severe, including long jail sentences and heavy fines. You can be arrested for public drunkenness and disorderly behavior.

Driving under the Influence: Penalties include imprisonment and/or heavy fines. Any sign of alcohol consumption may be taken as evidence of driving under the influence.

Using vulgar language or hand gestures can result in heavy fines or criminal charges.

It is illegal to photograph certain buildings in Bahrain.

Carry a form of identification with you at all times, such as a passport, local ID card (CPR card), or driver’s license.

Child Abduction and Custody Cases: There are no treaties in force between Bahrain and the United States concerning international parental child abduction and custody cases. Bahraini courts may ignore child custody decrees issued in the United States. 

Sharia law generally controls custody issues. Decisions are often based on age and gender of the children rather than the U.S. “best interest of the child” standard.

Social Services: Information concerning family and child services can be found on the Ministry of Labor and Social Development’s website.

Divorce: Seek legal counsel and ascertain your rights in Bahrain before visiting the country if you are a U.S. citizen divorced from/in the process of divorcing a Bahraini citizen. This is particularly important regarding child custody issues. See our website on Bahrain and international child abduction for additional information. 

Faith-Based Travelers: See the Department of State’s International Religious Freedom Report.

LGBTI Travelers: While the law does not criminalize consensual same-sex sexual activity between people over 21, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender activities are not accepted socially.

See our LGBTI Travel Information page and section 6 of our Human Rights Report for further details.

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance: Transportation is not wheelchair-accessible, and sidewalks and crosswalks—even in large cities—are not accessible.

Outside of the more expensive hotels in the capital, virtually no hotels offer accessible accommodations.

There are very few accessible restaurants, shops, or historical sites. Handicap-accessible bathrooms, even in major hospitals, are generally not available.

Students: See our Students Abroad page and FBI travel tips.

Women Travelers: Women traveling alone should maintain vigilance. Review this report’s section on Local Law, as well as our travel tips for Women Travelers.


Visit the Embassy's COVID-19 page for more information on COVID-19 and related restrictions and conditions in Bahrain.

Medical Care: Basic medical care is available through public and private hospitals, as well as private clinics. In some facilities, the care is below U.S. standards. Public hospitals have trauma and ICU units. Most postoperative and trauma centers do not provide adequate pain management. People with chronic general medical or mental health conditions and HIV-related health issues may not be able to obtain appropriate emergency care in Bahrain. U.S. privacy and confidentiality laws may not apply to Bahraini medical providers.

Prescription Medication: Check with Customs Affairs of Bahrain to ensure your medications are legal in the country. Most narcotic painkillers, stimulants, and controlled sedatives/hypnotics are not easily available, and may be illegal in many cases. Always carry your prescription medication in original packaging along with your doctor’s prescription. Do not bring CBD oil or CBD products to Bahrain.

Payment: Payment at all medical facilities is due at the time of service. Some hospitals have very limited direct billing capability for certain insurance carriers. Billing and insurance practices vary among the medical facilities.

We do not pay medical bills. Be aware that U.S. Medicare does not apply overseas. 

Medical Insurance: Make sure your health insurance plan provides coverage overseas. Most care providers overseas only accept cash payments. See our webpage for more information on insurance providers for overseas coverage. Visit the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for more information on type of insurance you should consider before you travel overseas.

We strongly recommend supplemental insurance to cover medical evacuation.

Vaccinations: Be up-to-date on all vaccinations recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Further health information:

 Air Quality: Visit AirNow Department of State for information on air quality at U.S. Embassies and Consulates.

The U.S. Embassy maintains a list of doctors and hospitals. We do not endorse or recommend any specific medical provider or clinic.

Travel and Transportation

Road Conditions and Safety: Road travel is generally safe. Highways and major roads in northern Bahrain are wide and well maintained. Roads in villages and older parts of Manama and Muharraq are narrow, congested and twisting.

Traffic Laws: Traffic moves on the right. At roundabouts (traffic circles), cars within the traffic circle have right of way over those attempting to enter.

Drivers frequently speed despite stiff penalties, including fines and possible imprisonment.

Police can detain drivers for traffic violations.

It is illegal to use a cell phone while driving, and drivers are required to wear seat belts.

Traffic is more congested on the weekends with an influx of vehicles from neighboring countries.

Traffic Accidents: Except for minor accidents, do not move the vehicle until you have filed a report with the traffic police. This applies to single-car accidents as well. If you move the car, insurance companies may deny coverage.

For minor accidents with no injuries, move your vehicle off the road to avoid further accidents. You do not have to wait at the scene for the police.

Filing Accident Reports: You must file a report within 24 hours of the accident.

  • For minor accidents with no injuries, call 199. 
  • For accidents involving injury, call 999.
  • For the traffic department’s main switchboard, call 1787-2222. 

If an accident results in legal proceedings, both drivers may be prohibited from leaving the country until the matter is resolved. Please refer to our Road Safety page for more information.

Public Transportation: Bahrain has a newly expanded public bus system that extends throughout most of the country. A car is still needed to access most locations.

Taxis are available in Bahrain and are typically arranged by phone. Uber also operates in Bahrain.

AVIATION SAFETY OVERSIGHT: As there is no direct commercial air service to the United States by carriers registered in Bahrain, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has not assessed the government of Bahrain’s Civil Aviation Authority for compliance with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) aviation safety standards.

See FAA’s safety assessment page for further information.

MARITIME TRAVEL: Mariners planning travel to Bahrain should also check:

U.S. maritime advisories and alerts  Regional advisory

U.S. Coast Guard homeport website

NGA broadcast warnings (select “broadcast warnings”)

Visit Bahrain’s Tourism Authority and Ministry of Transportation

For additional travel information

International Parental Child Abduction

Review information about International Parental Child Abduction in Bahrain.  For additional IPCA-related information, please see the International Child Abduction Prevention and Return Act (ICAPRA) report.


Last Updated: September 13, 2021

Travel Advisory Levels

Information for Vaccinated Travelers

The CDC's latest guidance on international travel for vaccinated people can be found here.

Assistance for U.S. Citizens

U.S. Embassy Manama
Building No. 979
Road 3119, Block 331
Zinj District
Kingdom of Bahrain
+(973) 1724-2700
+(973) 1727-5126
+(973) 1727-2594; 1725-6242 (Consular Section)

Bahrain Map