Travel.State.Gov > Intercountry Adoption > Adoption Process
This section provides an overview of the U.S. intercountry adoption process, which must comply with U.S. Federal law as well as the laws of a prospective adoptive parent’s state of residence and the prospective adoptive child’s country of origin. Adoption and immigration procedures will vary depending on whether or not the child’s country of origin is a signatory to the Hague Adoption Convention.
Over 100 nations, including the United States are party to the Hague Adoption Convention. The Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000 (IAA) implemented the Convention in the United States. An important requirement under the IAA is that any agency or person who wishes to provide services for an intercountry adoption in a Convention country must be accredited or approved to do so. In July 2014, the Universal Accreditation Act of 2012 extended many of the Convention’s safeguards to intercountry adoption cases from non-Convention countries as well.
Contacting an accredited or approved adoption service provider (ASP) to ask specific questions related to a prospective adoptive parent’s circumstances is generally a good place to start. Prospective adoptive parents may wish to review the information on our website and then follow up with an ASP with any additional questions you have.